Gardenia “Tiare Maori”
General Description / Cultural Significance
The plant Gardenia taitensis is commonly referred to as Gardenia and locally referred to as “Tiare Maori.” The Gardenia is an evergreen shrub that grows a flower with large white pinwheel-shaped blooms and emits a sweet fragrance. The plant is well known in the country for being used to make leis, mixed in perfumes, and is sometimes used in local medicines. Infusions can be made by mixing the plant with water or coconut oil, and this can treat headaches. They can be used to scent coconut oil, which is then used to give massages.
Climate Change/Conservation Status
The Cook Islands are highly vulnerable to climate change and especially to sea level rise, because their land masses are surrounded by ocean and prone to natural disaster. They have faced intense rainfall and cyclones, in addition to terrible drought. It is anticipated that both sea level rise and weather scenarios will intensify in the future. The UN has carried out projects to strengthen the resilience of communities who live on The Cook Islands. Subsistence agriculture and food security are two main areas that need addressing, as does the well-being of the biodiversity on the islands.