Gardenia “Tiare Maori”
General Description / Cultural Significance
The plant Gardenia taitensis is commonly referred to as Gardenia and locally referred to as “Tiare Maori.” The Gardenia is an evergreen shrub that grows a flower with large white pinwheel-shaped blooms and emits a sweet fragrance. The plant is well known in the country for being used to make leis, mixed in perfumes, and is sometimes used in local medicines. Infusions can be made by mixing the plant with water or coconut oil, and this can treat headaches. They can be used to scent coconut oil, which is then used to give massages.
Climate Change/Conservation Status
The Cook Islands are highly vulnerable to climate change and especially to sea level rise, because their land masses are surrounded by ocean and prone to natural disaster. They have faced intense rainfall and cyclones, in addition to terrible drought. It is anticipated that both sea level rise and weather scenarios will intensify in the future. The UN has carried out projects to strengthen the resilience of communities who live on The Cook Islands. Subsistence agriculture and food security are two main areas that need addressing, as does the well-being of the biodiversity on the islands.
An Assessment of the Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture and Food Security: a Case Study in the Cook Islands. (n.d.). [ebook] FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/i0530e/i0530e04.
Cowling. (2005). Tourism- A Catalyst For Attitudinal Changes in Aitutaki, Cook Islands University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand. Available at: https://sicri-network.org/ISIC1/g.%20ISIC1P%20Cowling.pdf
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. (2013). Cook Islanders struggle to adapt to creeping climate change. [online] Available at: https://www.ifrc.org/en/news-and-media/news-stories/asia-pacific/cook-islands/cook-islanders-struggle-to-adapt-to-creeping-climate-change-62883/
Ministry of Agriculture, Cook Islands, Available at: World Sensorium original website
Whistler, W. (1985). Traditional and herbal medicine in the Cook Islands. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, [online] 13(3), pp.239-280. Available at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0378874185900728
Worland, J. (2019). The Leaders of These Sinking Countries Are Fighting to Stop Climate Change. Here’s What the Rest of the World Can Learn. [online] Time. Available at: https://time.com/longform/sinking-islands-climate-change/